The stomach combines food, acids and enzymes to begin digestion. There are special protective cells that line the stomach to prevent the acid from causing inflammation. The esophagus, however, does not have the same protection, and if stomach acid and digestive juices reflux back into the esophagus, they can cause inflammation and damage to its unprotected lining. Heartburn is a burning discomfort usually in the centre of the chest that continues up to the throat caused by this reflux.
Triggers for heartburn may vary for everyone, but chewing gum, chocolate, caffeinated drinks and fried foods tend to be a common factor, Dr Zaigham Abbas, Ziauddin Univeristy Hospital Department of Gastroenterology head shares. “There are a number of myths associated with treating heartburn. For example, many people believe that drinking cream or milk can serve as a heartburn remedy.